Ægyptus (Ancient Egypt) was a province of the Roman Empire, encompassing most of modern-day Egypt except for the Sinai Peninsula. The area originally came under Roman rule in 30 BC, following the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian (the future Emperor Augustus). Aegyptus was the bread basket of the Roman Empire, exporting grain to Rome through th eport of Ostia.

Map of Roman Egypt
Map of Roman Egypt. Click here for larger image. More Maps: